Visiting Malaysia is not complete without going to the historical state of Malacca. Malacca was founded by Parameswara, a Hindu Prince from the Kingdom of Srivijaya in Sumatra in the year 1403. After he embraced Islam and became the Sultan of Malacca, Malacca became a trading centre with goods from China, India, Middle East, Thailand and neighbouring countries passing through the port of Malacca.
As a result of Melaka's strategic location, the Portuguese conquered it in 1511 followed by the Dutch in 1641 and finally by the British in 1824. The Japanese was ruling it for a while during World War Two from 1942 to 1945. Malacca gained independence as one of the states of Malaysia on August 31, 1957
The english spelling for this state used to be Malacca but has since been changed to Melaka. We will use these two terms here and they mean the same thing.
Try taking the decorated trishaw at The Stadthuys.
Melaka together with Georgetown in Penang have been inscripted as historical cities under Unesco's World Heritage Sites (WHS) in July 2008. The first area is the St. Paul's Hill Civic Zone which consists of the government buildings, the original fortress town built during the time of Portuguese and Dutch occupation, Bukit Cina, museums and churches.
The second area is the Historic Residential and Commercial Zone which consists of more than 600 shophouses, religious buildings, commercial and residential buildings as well as tombs on the four main streets. Explore them..
Malacca Vacation Places of Attractions
Malacca vacation is not complete without visiting the following attractions. See the historical heritage of Malacca where many of the old buildings dated back to the 16th century still stand strong today. See A Famosa, St. Paul's Church, St. Peter's Church, The Stadthuys and Christ Church all of which are within walking distance of one another. Try taking the trishaw and make sure you take a good picture as you ride as a memento for you to bring home. Not to be missed is the 45 minutes cruise along Malacca River and the Maritime Museum.
Finally, try Nyonya Food which is a combination of Chinese and Malay ingredients. Not to be forgotten is Portuguese cuisine at Restoran San Pedro and Restoran De Lisbon.
Malacca vacation - A'Famosa
This landmark as shown in the picture above is a must for all visitors to Malacca. Known also as Porta de Santiago, this fortress was built by Portuguese Admiral Alfonso d'Albuquerque in the year 1511. A big part of it was destroyed during the Dutch invasion and what remains today is just a small section of the fortress left behind by the Portuguese. Malacca vacation is not complete without visiting this ruin.
The admission to this attraction is FREE.
Click here for a more detailed description of this fort.
The Stadthuys at the background was built in 1650 as residence of Dutch governors and their officers.
The Stadthuys is another major landmark left behind by the Dutch. Used to be white in colour, this building was refurbished and painted Salmon red colour to match the colour of the surrounding buildings. When completed in 1650, it was used as official residence for Dutch governors and their officers.
Today, this building is used to house the Museum of History and Ethnography.
9am - 5pm (Monday to Friday)
9am - 9pm (Saturday and Sunday)
RM5 for adult and RM2 for children.
Further information can be obtained by calling +6 06 284 1934.
The distinctive salmon red colour Christ Church, a Dutch architecture heritage.
The Christ Church building is located just beside The Stadthuys. Built by the Dutch as a place of worship for the people at that time, you will be able to see interesting design such as the ceiling beams that were constructed without any joints, the tombstone with Armenian inscriptions, the handmade pews and brass Bible. Notice also the "Last Supper" of Jesus and His Twelve Disciples shown in glazed tiles.
When the British took over Malacca, the building was converted to become an Anglican church where a bell tower and weathercock were added and remains until today. You can visit this place by getting the permission from the church officials. This building is a must when you plan your Malacca vacation itinerary.
Further information can be obtained by calling +6 06 284 8804.
St. Francis Xavier's Church
Built by a Catholic French priest, Rev. Farve in 1849, this Gothic styled church was dedicated to St. Francis Xavier who was a missionary to South East Asia in the 16th century. St. Francis Xavier had been to Penang Island as well and was known as "The Apostle of the East" for his missionary endeavours in this region.
You can visit the place by getting the permission from the church officials.
Further information can be obtained by calling +6 06 282 4770.
Malacca vacation - Melaka River Cruise
Your Malacca vacation is not complete without taking a cruise down Malacca River. This 45 minutes tour will take you pass many Dutch style buildings and operates from 9am to 11:30pm daily. Remember to take along your camera and take interesting pictures of the old shop houses, bridges and Kampung Morten Malay village.
MyKad holder ticket price:
RM13/adult(Mon-Thurs), RM18(Fri-Sun, Public Holidays)
RM6.50/child(2-12 years old), RM10(Mon-Sun including Public Holidays)
RM10/Senior Citizen(60 years and above)
Non-MyKad holder ticket price:
RM18/adult(Mon-Thurs), RM23(Fri-Sun, Public Holidays)
RM10/child(2-12 years old) - (Mon-Sun including Public Holidays)
The cruise can be taken at the quay behind the tourist information centre.
Further information can be obtained by calling +6 06 281 4322.
The Malacca River and the surrounding area. The cruise will be on this river.
The cruise boat
Malacca vacation - Maritime Museum
The Maritime Museum near the city centre is located along Jalan Quayside. It housed a replica of the Flor de la Mar, a Portuguese ship that sank off the coast of Malacca. The exhibit at this museum showed the history of Malacca from the time of the Malacca Sultanate to the pre-independence time of Malaysia. You will be able to see models of iron chests, old charts, ships and maps.
The beautiful replica of Flor de la Mar Maritime Museum located along Jalan Quayside.
See more pictures and information about this museum here.
There are many international standards hotels in Malacca. Some of the popular Malacca Hotels include The Bayview Hotel Melaka, Equatorial Hotel, Everly Resort, Grand Continental Hotel, Legacy Hotel, Mahkota Hotel Melaka, Renaissance Melaka Hotel and Seri Costa Hotel. The latest one is the Hatten Hotel which is located on the shopping mall itself.
Check out the hotel rates here before you do your booking.
Visitors usually fly to Kuala Lumpur or Penang before going to Melaka.
If you are coming from Kuala Lumpur, Melaka is approximately 145 km away and it will take you 2 hours drive to reach here. Regular bus and taxi service are available at Melaka Sentral, a new bus and taxi terminal 6 km away from the city centre.
Further information can be obtained by calling Melaka Sentral terminal at +6 06 288 1321.
See the restaurants that you can go to while in Melaka to savour Portuguese, Nyonya or Chinese Chicken Ball Rice cuisine.
St. Paul's Church
See the ruin of St Paul Church that was built by the Portuguese.
Nightlife In Melaka
Experience the nightlife of Melaka by joining the locals at the night market, visiting Melaka Zoo, A Famosa Cowboy Town..
A Famosa Resort
A Famosa Resort in Melaka is one of the theme park attractions that you should consider going with your entire family. This 520 hectare integrated resort has attractions that will enable you to spend your day from morning till the evening.
This is the main transportation hub in Melaka. You can find taxis and buses to various destination here.
Find out more about Baba Nyonya of Melaka in Baba Nyonya Heritage Museum.
Visit this popular street, buy some souvenir and taste some of the local delicacies here.
This distinctive landmark was built by the Dutch and is still in use today.
There are plenty of activities that you can do while visiting Melaka Town. Shopping, food..
Malacca (also called Melaka in Bahasa Malaysia) is a wonderful city for nice daytime activities or for a stay of more than one day. There are quite a few hotels and hostels available, but there are also many homeowners who are willing to put their house in Malacca up for rent. The city has many beautiful attractions, all clearly representing the great history of the city. From Kuala Lumpur you can easily access Malacca by bus, taxi or rental car. Residents of the capital often travel to Malacca during weekends to have a good rest and to enjoy the delicious food which the city is famous for.
Opposite St. Francis Xavier's Church you will also find a large car park where you can park your car (secured) at the price of RM10. This is especially useful if you travel to Malacca by car. There are many trishaw drivers in the city, who will drive you trough the town for only a few ringgit. This used to be a fun means of transportation, but in the last few years it has gotten a little out of hand. The drivers started to install large sound systems onto their trishaws and now they drive through the streets of Malacca making a lot of noise. I cannot imagine that this is what UNESCO had in mind when they decided to make it a World Heritage Site. A ride from Porta de Santiago to Jonker Street for example will cost you RM10.
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Attractions in and around Malacca
Fun attractions in Malacca are for example a visit to St. Paul's Church, formerly a church for the Portuguese and later a cemetery during the Dutch occupation. The nearby sight Porta de Santiago was once built by the Portuguese as a fortress to protect against attacks by the Dutch. There is not much left after several wars, but the entrance is still upright and in place. The Dutch governor had the Stadthuys built, a beautiful building with some obvious Dutch traits. Next to the Stadthuys you will be able to find Christ Church, in which you can recognize the Dutch architecture of that time more clearly. Other famous places in Malacca are Jonker Street, Bukit China, Kampung Keling Mosque, Cheng Hoon Teng Temple, the Portuguese settlements and the crooked St. Francis Xavier's Church.
Another great attraction is a boat trip on the small river that runs through the city. The take-off point is near St. Francis Xavier's Church. There is also a boarding location near the bridge leading to Jonker Street. A boat trip along the canals costs RM10 per person (RM5 for children). The tour takes about 30/40 minutes. The tour is fun during the daytime, but also pleasant to do in the dark at night. When it is dark, all of Malacca lights up (which is occasionally a bit too touristy).
Malacca can also be explored by bus as tourists can visit the historical sites of Malacca by traveling in a red double decker bus for only RM5 per person per day. The great thing about this 'Malacca City Tour' is that you can hop off at a historical site and hop on again on the next bus to visit another historical site. There is also the 'Panorama Melaka' single decker bus that takes passengers to numermous other interesting places within and around Malacca. The fare for this bus is RM2 per person per day; you can go to Malacca Sentral, Malacca library, Malacca Hospital and many other places (this bus also does the 'less touristic route'). There are numerous places where you can start the tour; offical start for Panorama Melaka is at the Malacca Sentral Bus Station. Check this map for more information on routes of the busses. Operating hours are between 7am and 10pm daily. The double decker bus will depart every 45 minutes from a particular stop along the route, the panorama bus every 20 minutes.
History of Malacca
Malacca was founded around 1400 by a former prince from Sumatra (who ended up in Malacca during an escape attempt in that area). Malacca turned out to have a very good strategic position, and not long after the foundation the influx of merchant ships from India and China started. During that time Malacca grew into one of the major ports in South-East Asia today. In 1511 the Portuguese traders first set foot on the Malaccan soil. In 1641 the Portuguese gave up their power struggle (and war) with the Dutch and from that time onwards Malacca was under Dutch reign. Only a few years later, the English gained control over the area (after the Netherlands traded this region with the English for parts of Indonesia). The British rule lasted until 1957, when Malaysia was formed and Malacca continued as a semi autonomous province.
Jonker Street Night Market Malacca
Jonker Street is the artistic center of Malacca. Here you will find a large number of art galleries, antique stores and shops where you can buy various ornaments. Along Temple Street (parallel to Jonker Street) there are many nice small shops. One shop in particular sells very nice traditional plaques with illustrations of ancient buildings of Malacca. The small ones sell for around RM40, the bigger ones for over RM200 (there are handcrafted and very beautiful). Each night Jonker Street is transformed into a great evening market. You can buy anything and everything here and there are also several places where you can sit down and eat or drink (especially many local snacks). Jonker Street is also filled to the brim with small restaurants and other eateries where you can eat well for a small price. Especially the Chicken Rice Ball restaurants are very popular among the locals. The evening market will start daily at 18.00 and closes at midnight. Popular snacks are Popiah, Potato Twisters and local sweet kajang cakes.
Tips when visiting Malacca
- Take the boat trip down the river when it is already dark; the city will be illuminated.
- A delicious breakfast or lunch you can get at Limau Limau 5 near Jonker Street (a bystreet of Jonker Street). Especially the upper floor is very pleasant and cozy.
- A local delicacy are Kajang Cupcakes, delicious little cakes with sauce in them.
- At the aforementioned dessert restaurant Jonker Desert 88, you can also eat delicious laksa.
- From Porta de Santiago it is an easy walk to Dataran Pahlawan Mega Mall (in a 1 minute walk you're at the northern entrance).
- Each Sunday morning there is a flea market with antiques along Jalan Hang Lekir. Mostly you will find ancient coins and medals here.
- The best time of day to visit the beautiful Dutch tombstones at the top of Porta de Santiago is around 8 o’clock in the morning. It is still cool and very quiet. Especially in the weekend from 10 o’clock in the morning onwards it will be extremely busy and crowded at this attraction. It is also best to visit the rest of the UNESCO World Heritage Site early in the morning.
- At the seaside near the Portuguese Settlements you can enjoy dinner at one of the many local seafood restaurants.
Shopping malls in Malacca
Not far from the cultural attractions you will find a nice shopping mall called Dataran Pahlawan Megamall. You can find several popular international brands, but also many small shops with local brands. There is also a huge F.O.S with many different brands. There are also several restaurants and a large covered market. Other well-known malls are: Malacca Mall and Mahkota Parade Shopping Mall.
Videos of Malacca
Check out all the videos we made in Malacca here! (opens a new YouTube page)
How to get to Malacca
By rental car
Another way to get to Malacca is by rental car. It is easy to rent a car in Malaysia. Numerous car rental companies have special pick up locations throughout the country. Hawk Malaysia for example has a pick up & drop off point at KLIA (airport) and in the city center, so you can easily pick up the car at an Hawk office in Kuala Lumpur and drive with it to Malacca. From Kuala Lumpur it is only a 2,5 hour drive to Malacca.
The cheapest way to reach Malacca is by coach. There are quite some bus operators that have daily busses driving between Malacca and many other locations within Peninsular Malaysia. From the main bus terminal Puduraya in Kuala Lumpur many busses a day leave towards Malacca. The trip from Kuala Lumpur to Malacca by bus will take around 2,5 hours. Tickets from Kuala Lumpur to Malacca only cost around RM12.50 (one way). You will arrive in Malacca at the Malacca Sentral Bus Station. From here you can easily take a local bus to the center of the town; or you can take a taxi to your hotel.
Malacca International Airport has been renovated in 2009 to be able to cater for international flights. Currently it can handle up to 1.5 million passengers annually. The airport however stays behind many other smaller airports in Malaysia in terms of traffic; as not many airlines flies to Malacca. This is also due to the fact that the international airport of Kuala Lumpur (KLIA) is only 1,5 hours away. From the airport you can easily take a bus to Malacca; many busses depart from KLIA to Malacca on a daily basis. Currently only 3 airlines fly from Malacca Airport to Indonesia.
Though Malacca has no train station, the main train(s) between Singapore in the south and Bangkok in the north (with Kuala Lumpur as one of the main stops) do stop nearby Malacca at Tampin station. From there you can either take the bus or a taxi to Malacca.
Travel between Malacca and Singapore
Malacca is very popular among citizens of Singapore. Many Singaporeans travel to Malacca in the weekends as it is only a 3,5 hour drive. As driving a car into Malaysia can sometimes be a bit of a hassle; many Singaporeans rely on busses to take them to Malacca. Many busses leave on a daily basis to Malacca (and to Singapore from Malacca). Fares are only a couple of ringgits. There also are a couple of luxurious bus operators; where you travel in a huge seat with movies and even internet onboard.
Dinner places in Malacca
Most people come to Malacca either because of history or because of the delicious cuisine. Pork is served in many restaurants, which is an exception compared to many other places in Malaysia (as most of the inhabitants are Muslims). There are also many delicious dessert restaurants, such as the very popular Desert Jonker 88. Here you can get the best Cendol and Ais Kacang (both famous local desserts in Malaysia). Along the popular street Jonker Street there are many more good restaurants to be found. During the evening market along Jonker Street you will also be able to buy many different snacks.
Another popular concept in Malacca is Sateh Celup. This is quite similar to fondue, but instead of cheese, peanut sauce is used. In the middle of each table there is a hole in which a pan is heated from below. You can get all kinds of skewered satay from various freezers and then put them in the pan with heated sauce. There are various types of satay with standard meat, but also squid, fish, vegetables, bacon and various other sorts; delicious and a lot of fun to do, especially because you are eating among the natives. The place where we usually go to is called Ban Lee Siang, but there are more places where you can enjoy Sateh Celup.
Popular restaurants in Malacca
- New Heritage Cafe
- Calanthe Art Cafe
- Limau Limau Cafe
- Jonker Dessert 88
- Geographer Cafe
- Chung Wah Chicken Rice Ball
- Capitol Satay
- Restoran Ban Lee Siang
- Pak Putra Tandoori Restaurant
- Orang Belanda Art Cafe
- Donald and Lily's
- Taragon Nyonya Bistro
Popular hawker centers in Malacca are: Newton Hawker Center, Plaza Pandan Hawker Center, Padang Pahlawan Hawker Stalls, Jalan Kee Ann Open-Air Food Stalls, Wang Food Court, Pitt Street Food Court and Tengkera Foodcourt.
Accommodation in Malacca
Malacca is immensely popular among the inhabitants of the city of Kuala Lumpur. Just like Port Dickson, which is located a bit more up north, Malacca is also a destination where people go off to flee from the hustle and bustle of the city. Especially around national holidays the rush is enormous. It can be so busy that is hardly possible to find available accommodation. There are numerous hotels and resorts in and around Malacca (see below); but there is also more then enough choice in basic accommodation. Around Jonker Street you can find many small hostels and lodges, where you can stay for prices below RM50 per night.
Da Som Inn can be recommended, which is a small hostel where you can stay for less than RM100 per night. A more luxurious room with aircon is available for RM138. Rooms are decent and the owner and staff are very friendly. Da Som Inn is located in the middle of Jonker Street, a minute's walk from the market and the famous eateries. Another good hotel is Hotel Puri Malacca. This is hotel a bit more expensive in a neighborhood with mostly basic accommodation. There is a pleasant atmosphere in the hotel, and you can also get a very good massage at their spa.
Popular hotels in Malacca
Below a list with some of the better hotels in and directly around Malacca (view all hotels here in a new page).
Budget travelers will be glad to hear that there is enough budget accommodation available in and around Malacca; especially around the Jonker Street area.
Map of Malacca
Below you can see a map of Malacca. You can simply scroll through the map with your mouse. Use the markers on the left to zoom in or out of the city map.