In my essay, I intend to explore the education system in Pakistan. In Pakistan, education is overseen by the Ministry of Education, which works for the government and provincial governments. The federal government assists with accreditation, financing of development and research, and assists with the creation of nationwide curriculums. Here are the other things I discovered about the Pakistani education system.
Children between the ages of five to sixteen are obligated to have free education thanks to article 25-A of the Constitution of Pakistan. The manner to which they are entitled to free education is determined by the law.
Literacy rates vary wildly from area to area. In Islamabad, the literacy level of inhabitants is at its highest at 96%, and in the Kohlu District it is its lowest at 28%. The age range of people has a massive effect on their literacy rate. People between the ages of 55 to 64 have a literacy rate of 38%. People between the ages of 45 and 54 have a literacy rate of 46%. People between the ages of 25 and 34 have a literacy rate of 57%, and people between the ages of 15 and 24 have literacy rate of 72%. These are only averages based on age, but it is a clear indication that the education system in Pakistan has been slowly improving over the years, as the literacy rate seems to go up at ages go down.
Literacy rates are the lowest within female populations, with many women not being literate at all. There are tribal areas in Pakistan where the literacy rate for women is as low as 9.5%.
There are five levels within the Pakistani education system. This means that like the US education system it has grades, and in this case, the grades work in levels. Level one starts at primary and that is for grades one to five. The middle level goes through grades six to eight. The third level goes from grades nine to ten. At this point, the student may be able to achieve his or her Secondary School Certificate (SSC). The fourth level goes from grade eleven to twelve, through which a student may receive his or her HSC, which is the Higher Secondary Certificate. The fifth level includes attendance at a University, in which a student may earn an undergraduate and graduate degree.
The English language is the fastest spreading language in Pakistan, with over 11% of the population speaking it, which is 18 million Pakistani people. Though it is only 11% of the population, it does mean that Pakistan is the third largest nation of English speakers in the world, with it being the second largest nation of English speakers in Asia.
The state of Pakistani education could still be a lot better, but they do produce around 10,000 computer science graduates and 445,000 university graduates per year. They also have a reasonably high literacy rate when compared with other countries, and is true even though their out-of-school population currently stands at 5.1 children, which is the second largest out-of-school population in the world–beaten only by Nigeria.
For a Pakistani, education is a life and blood for us. If we want to survive as a developed country then we need to focus on our education system. Countries flourish and prosper because they have strong education system. Other individuals are making progress because they are educated. If each and every Pakistani student will be able to embark on the road of education then he or she will surely get success.
Famous Pakistani personalities who made achievements in the education sector of Pakistan
We have the name of Abdus Salam. He got the Nobel prize because of his work in the field of Physics. He has been the first Pakistani who got the Nobel prize in this physics field. The entire physics community still pay tribute to Abdus Salam. Then we have the name of Ayu Ommaya. He was a neuro surgeon who heavily contributed in the field of brain tumor. We too have the name of Mahbub ul Haq who was one of the leading economists and developed and founded the Human Development Index. Atta Ur Rehman too made massive contributions in the field of natural product chemistry.
Why we have been failed to have stronger education system in Pakistan?
- We just spend 2 percent of our GDP in our education budget. Lack of budget is deteriorating the education system of Pakistan.
- We are lacking behind in providing better facilities to the students.
- Opting the trend of ratta system is destroying the mental power of students.
- We hire inefficient and uncompetitive teachers.
- We do not have uniform syllabus criterion. We ourselves have made divisions in our education sytem like public and private schooling, O level and matric school system, A level and intermediate education system.
- It is because of the political interference in our education system that we do not have liberty in designing the agenda of our education system.
Solutions to improve the education system of Pakistan
- We have to eradicate this ratta system.
- Removal of gender disparity system in Pakistan should be done as soon as possible.
- Girls should be given equal chance to persue education.
- Qualified teachers should be hired.
- More budget should be allocated to this education sector.
- Practical and conceptual knowledge should be given to all of the students.
- Comprehensive and knowledgeable syllabus should be devised.
If Pakistan wants to be on its toes for one more time then we need to make some serious kinds of changings in our education system. Let us all join hands in this initiative!